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Apr 29,  · Avid Hosts. Media Composer , Symphony , Newscutter (and up) OFX Hosts. Baselight (and up) Catalyst Edit (and up) Fusion Studio and up; Resolve Studio 16 (and up). HitFilm (and up) Movie Studio bit only, v11 (and up) Natron 1 (and up) Nucoda (and up) Nuke (and up) Scratch 4 (and up). daytona speeder x. daytona speeder에서 새롭게 탄생한 미들 킥 타입의 「daytona x」가 라인업에 합류.차원 높은 스피드감을 계승하여, 매끄럽고 쉬운 스윙감을 추구한 프리미엄 모델을 패션잡지 등,수많은 잡지사에서 편집장을 맡아온 잭 타카하시氏, . The Definitive Voice of Entertainment News Subscribe for full access to The Hollywood Reporter. See My Options Sign Up. 総務庁舎 代表: 課名 電話 ファックス 総務課 総務課 窓口 企画課 議会事務局 ケーブルテレビ放送センター 課名 電話 ファックス 情報推進課 行政サービス庁舎 代表: 課名 電話.
Apr 29,  · Avid Hosts. Media Composer , Symphony , Newscutter (and up) OFX Hosts. Baselight (and up) Catalyst Edit (and up) Fusion Studio and up; Resolve Studio 16 (and up). HitFilm (and up) Movie Studio bit only, v11 (and up) Natron 1 (and up) Nucoda (and up) Nuke (and up) Scratch 4 (and up). Media Composer video editing software is the industry’s best video editing and finishing software for movie, TV, and indie production. Get the details now. Avid S1 works together with the free Avid Control app on your tablet, providing 8 faders, plus Avid S6-style metering and processing views, to create great-sounding mixes fast. The Definitive Voice of Entertainment News Subscribe for full access to The Hollywood Reporter. See My Options Sign Up.

You have total control with the amount of blur that you apply, if you choose to modify the calculated blur. ReelSmart Motion Blur also allows users to produce captivating and experimental effects by blurring a sequence by applying the motion from another. RSMB uses optical flow tracking on footage taking into account the connectedness of the left and right sides of the video, as well as the top and bottom.

Work by Comen VFX. RSMB was used to give a more filmic look to footage shot on video, providing shutter speed correction. The footage looked choppy when played back at film rates. So the client settled on RSMB to simulate that normal shutter speed you would have with film footage. Pro license also works with the regular product of any supported host. It is important to note that our GPU accelerated modes of our plug-ins can provide you with different results than on the CPU.

If a GPU is not supported, or we run out of GPU memory to run on, our plug-ins will return a green frame to let you know. We do not fallback to CPU rendering in the case where there is an error on the GPU during a rendering of a sequence, because then you might get CPU and GPU calculated images intermingled and may not understand why your sequences are not looking proper from frame to frame.

There are cases where you might send jobs out to machines on a render farm and the set of machine s may be a mixture of GPU-supported and non-supported GPU or no GPU ; or conversely, you may know that all the machines that will be rendered on are all GPU-supported, or all are non GPU-supported.

Users of our plug-ins with GPU acceleration will see utilization of two or more GPUs at the same time, provided they are the fastest GPU on the machine, and are of the exact same type. Also note by default that some of our plug-ins will try to conserve GPU memory. Our plug-ins conserve GPU memory by only allowing Premiere Pro to render a limited amount of images at the same time this is limited to the number of GPUs present.

This mode should be used if you do not have a GPU that our plug-ins support, or see a green frame in the middle of a rendered sequence, because this means that our GPU rendering fails somewhere in the middle of a sequence. I wasn’t planning on using this one as part of the bundle, but after finally taking the time to become familiar with it, I saw what the buzz about it was. Motion blur or the removal thereof is a large part of the kind of action videos I edit.

Glad I took the time, you will be, too. By: Mike Cash Date: April 29, ReelSmart is a fantastic plugin for not only putting great motion blur on footage and graphics, but also controlling the amount of motion blur the subject gets.

A great way to control the amount of motion blur something gets. Using the same motion algorithm they’ve also built in the ability to remove motion blur, which is really handy. A must for any toolkit. By: Aaron Stewart Date: April 09, Learn more! RE:Vision Effects has a couple mini tutorials that offer quick tips on how to make After Effect V22 and Multi-Frame Rendering MFR “more robust when any temporal processing effect requesting multiple input frames is used.

Hashi of Action Movie Kid has been doing a mini-series on Game of Thrones effects, and it’s extremely entertaining! This tutorial is filled with great tips. In this tutorial, you will see several examples demonstrating frame rate conversion and mixed format issues and their solutions. Keying is part technical skill, part patience, and part sorcery. This link is being provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only; it does not constitute an endorsement or an approval by Toolfarm.

Contact the external site for answers to questions regarding its content. All On Sale. Total Edit Cart. Toolfarm requires javascript to be turned on. Please turn on javascript and reload the page. Product Option New. Toggle Dropdown. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Floating.

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Downloads Download demos and trial versions, product documentation, free presets and more. You may download a free Demo after logging in. System Requirements. Please Note: This page is intended for product reviews. If you are having trouble with a product and require customer support, please Contact Us. Customer Reviews. Hidden Gem. Change Log. Version 6. Frame Rate Conversion and Mixed Formats In this tutorial, you will see several examples demonstrating frame rate conversion and mixed format issues and their solutions.

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With new enhancements in Media Composer Communicate clip notes more visibly in your timeline. And more! The Rough Cut Podcast features in-depth interviews with the top film, television and documentary post production professionals working in the industry today.

Listen to editors talk about their craft, their latest projects and collaborating with their team. Hosted by MattFeury of Avid Technology. From first cut to final finishing, get the tools every video editor needs to create compelling stories faster. Import and edit footage from any camera, no matter the format, codec, or resolution.

Avid DNxHR and OpenEXR support eliminate bottlenecks, so you can work with a massive amount of media and quickly relink proxies to the original files with ease. Your project media will always be linked—even as projects move and evolve over the years.

With new bin containers and mapping, you can organize and group content any way you want. Find footage in seconds, searching for clips and takes based on the dialogue they contain with the PhraseFind and ScriptSync options.

The majority of all films and TV shows are edited on Media Composer. From fluid timeline editing, to the precision toolset, you can navigate and cut sequences more intuitively and tell better stories. Work the way you want to work, with a modern interface that makes editing easier and more fluid. Task-oriented workspaces—Edit, Color, Audio, and Effects—provide just the tools you need.

You can even resize, rearrange, and hide panels. Show every angle of your story with ease with the Emmy Award-winning multicamera editing toolset. Sync up to 64 different angles automatically—even with different formats and frames—so you can immediately edit and align shots as needed.

Add dramatic flair to your stories with built-in VFX, filters, and titles. Take your creative vision further with more video plugins and advanced tools to create composites, motion effects, transitions, graphics, and animation. Whether you do all color correction, grading, and audio mixing in Media Composer, or roundtrip out to other applications, you can be confident that your work will accurately hit every delivery specification.

Media Composer future-proofs your content with its bit floating point color pipeline and ACES color support, ensuring consistent color accuracy from end to end. Tell stories that showcase true-to-life image quality with effortless HDR workflows.

Import, edit, color grade, and deliver incredibly realistic imagery with exceptional detail in the shadows and highlights. Make your story sound as good as it looks with a suite of audio tools and plugins. Create up to 64 tracks of dialogue, music, and sound effects in 7. Or send all tracks and effects to Pro Tools for audio post—without having to transcode sequences first. The next-generation Avid Media Engine gives you more power and speed, so you can stay focused on what matters most—your story.

From intelligent media handling, to automated tasks, Media Composer takes the work out of your workflow. Experience smooth, reliable editing and playback performance, no matter how large your source files are. Work with all the beautiful, high-resolution image detail of the original media for better editing precision, without your workflow coming to a standstill.

From capture to edit, finishing to output, Media Composer provides the high-efficiency media handling, ACES color space, and bit floating color pipeline you need to deliver HDR content predictably, with pristine accuracy. With the live timeline and unlimited playback streams, you can make changes to sequences during playback on the fly. Media Composer automates time-consuming tasks in the background. Instead of waiting hours for transcoding, rendering, consolidating, and relinking media, you can just keep working.

Even out distracting dialogue and vocal levels with a single knob plugin that detects and corrects audio level inconsistencies. Ideal for podcasters, videographers, vloggers, dialogue editors, and audio post engineers, it delivers natural results without compression, saving you time. Watch the video. Take the complexity out of color keying with a plugin that makes it easy to key out green or blue screens quickly.

Save time with presets, or use the sliders to fine-tune, with full control over the color range, sensitivity, spill, edge smoothness, and more. You can even create glows, shadows, and outlines around your subject. Add Foley effects in a scene to make movement sound natural and realistic. Get 50 high-quality, royalty-free production music tracks that can be used in any project.

Because the music comes with a worldwide license, you never have to worry about where your production may be watched or used. For new offers, please allow up to 7 business days for product to appear in your account.

Experience the collaborative, efficient workflows top video professionals rely on. Share projects, edit remotely, and have more control over your production. The flexibility you need to accelerate and manage your workflow starts here. Add Avid NEXIS shared storage to your workflow and multiple video editors and assistants can work on the same projects at once. No more accidentally overwriting work or needing to duplicate and micromanage media.

Extend production beyond the walls of your facility. Or deploy a full virtual production suite in the cloud with Edit On Demand. As projects move from offline to online—and from in-house to external teams and back again—the standardized ACES color space ensures that all high-res and HDR projects will maintain full image quality and color accuracy from end to end, across all color and VFX work.

With the Distributed Processing option, included with Media Composer Enterprise , you can offload time-consuming rendering, transcoding, and exporting tasks to unused or idle networked computers, freeing up Media Composer workstations, and taking wasteful downtime out of the process. Media Composer is the only video editing solution that lets you tailor the interface for any role in your organization—from video editors, to assistants, loggers, or journalists. Provide only the tools needed to do the job, enabling better focus and faster completion.

Media Composer is the only video editing software that enables you to limit user access to workspaces and tools and restrict content export, so you can safeguard your media and mitigate costly mistakes and leaks. For editors working in news, sports, and studio production environments, Media Composer integrates with MediaCentral , enabling teams to connect and access content locally and remotely across the entire platform ecosystem.

Boost your Media Composer capabilities with advanced tools for color and news workflows. Gain advanced capabilities and save hours of time with these Media Composer options included with Media Composer Ultimate. With PhraseFind , you can quickly find clips in a project that contain specific dialogue. Simply type keywords to locate all clips that contain the speech in multiple languages—ideal for unscripted shows.

Compare performances and find the best takes fast. ScriptSync automatically syncs clips to their associated script lines, so you can quickly find takes by scene, script page, or dialogue. With Symphony , you can stylize shots and correct color with ultra-precision, then deliver content easily with IMF packaging. Plus, universal mastering makes it easy to take your offline online. Get the speed you need to stay ahead of the story. Enable editors to work from anywhere without changing their workflow and extend collaboration to assistants, showrunners, producers, and other creative contributors.

Plus, it’s included with Media Composer Enterprise at no additional charge! Capture, monitor, and output high-res media with powerful video interfaces that offer exceptional performance and versatility. Enable real-time media production with a bullet-proof storage platform offering powerful, predictable performance.

Get the performance, scalability, protection, and reliability top broadcasters rely on to accelerate production, enable up to contributors to work together, and adapt quickly to evolving production requirements. Get the same secure workflows trusted by an industry and accelerate your media workflow in real time with up to 24 collaborators.

Park, preview, and retrieve inactive assets and projects with ease. This add-on service for Avid NEXIS provides a super-simple way to park projects in the cloud, as well as sync onsite workspaces for easy offsite backup. Get extensive touch and tactile control to speed up audio recording, editing, and mixing tasks in Media Composer. Get the speed and visual feedback of Avid’s high-end consoles in a slimline surface. Avid S1 works together with the free Avid Control app on your tablet, providing 8 faders, plus Avid S6-style metering and processing views, to create great-sounding mixes fast.

A must for any toolkit. By: Aaron Stewart Date: April 09, Learn more! RE:Vision Effects has a couple mini tutorials that offer quick tips on how to make After Effect V22 and Multi-Frame Rendering MFR “more robust when any temporal processing effect requesting multiple input frames is used.

Hashi of Action Movie Kid has been doing a mini-series on Game of Thrones effects, and it’s extremely entertaining! This tutorial is filled with great tips. In this tutorial, you will see several examples demonstrating frame rate conversion and mixed format issues and their solutions. Keying is part technical skill, part patience, and part sorcery. This link is being provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only; it does not constitute an endorsement or an approval by Toolfarm.

Contact the external site for answers to questions regarding its content. All On Sale. Total Edit Cart. Toolfarm requires javascript to be turned on. Please turn on javascript and reload the page.

Product Option New. Toggle Dropdown. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Floating. Upgrade Pro non-Floating v6 to Floating v6. Upgrade Pro non-Floating pre-v6 to Floating v6. Upgrade any Regular version to Pro v6. Upgrade Pro non-Floating Pre-v6 to Floating. Floating Render-Only. Non Floating Render-Only. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Render-Only. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Floating Render-Only. Upgrade any Regular version to Pro v6, Render-Only.

Downloads Download demos and trial versions, product documentation, free presets and more. You may download a free Demo after logging in. System Requirements. Please Note: This page is intended for product reviews. If you are having trouble with a product and require customer support, please Contact Us.

K-pop (Korean: 케이팝; RR: keipap), short for Korean popular music, is a form of popular music originating in South Korea as part of South Korean culture. It includes styles and genres from around the world, such as pop, hip hop, R&B, experimental, rock, jazz, gospel, reggae, electronic dance, folk, country, disco, and classical on top of its traditional Korean music roots. daytona speeder x. daytona speeder에서 새롭게 탄생한 미들 킥 타입의 「daytona x」가 라인업에 합류.차원 높은 스피드감을 계승하여, 매끄럽고 쉬운 스윙감을 추구한 프리미엄 모델을 패션잡지 등,수많은 잡지사에서 편집장을 맡아온 잭 타카하시氏, . Jul 07,  · The PRB is in the process of updating its Guidance for Investment Practices and Performance Evaluations and would appreciate your replace.me updated document reflects the legislative changes to Texas Government Code § effective September 1, Please review the updated draft of the investment practices and performance evaluations guidance . Apr 29,  · Avid Hosts. Media Composer , Symphony , Newscutter (and up) OFX Hosts. Baselight (and up) Catalyst Edit (and up) Fusion Studio and up; Resolve Studio 16 (and up). HitFilm (and up) Movie Studio bit only, v11 (and up) Natron 1 (and up) Nucoda (and up) Nuke (and up) Scratch 4 (and up). 総務庁舎 代表: 課名 電話 ファックス 総務課 総務課 窓口 企画課 議会事務局 ケーブルテレビ放送センター 課名 電話 ファックス 情報推進課 行政サービス庁舎 代表: 課名 電話.
 
 

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The more modern form of the genre emerged with the formation of the hip hop boy band Seo Taiji and Boys , in Their experimentation with different styles and genres of music and integration of foreign musical elements helped reshape and modernize South Korea’s contemporary music scene. Modern K-pop “idol” culture began in the s, as K-pop idol music grew into a subculture that amassed enormous fandoms of teenagers and young adults. In , K-pop experienced significant growth and became a ‘power player,’ marking a As of , Korean popular music is ranked at number six among the top ten music markets worldwide according to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry ‘s “Global Music Report ,” with BTS and Blackpink cited as artists leading the market growth.

The first known use of the term K-pop occurred on Billboard in the October 9, edition at the end of an article titled “S. Cho himself, however, is not sure if he coined the term, since some articles stated that the word ‘K-pop’ was already being used by the music industry insiders, even though he had never heard it personally. Although K-pop generally refers to South Korean popular music and the associated industry, some consider it to be an all-encompassing genre exhibiting a wide spectrum of musical and visual elements.

South Korean management agencies offer binding contracts to potential artists, sometimes at a young age. Trainees live together in a regulated environment and spend many hours a day learning how to sing, dance, speak foreign languages, and gain other skills in preparation for their debut.

This “robotic” system of training is often criticized by Western media outlets. K-pop is a cultural product that features “values, identity and meanings that go beyond their strictly commercial value. It has been remarked that there is a “vision of modernization” inherent in Korean pop culture. A commentator at the University of California, San Diego has said that “contemporary Korean pop culture is built on Modern K-pop is marked by its use of English phrases.

These Korean-American singers’ music has a different style from common Korean music, which attracts the interest of young people. Entertainment companies help to expand K-pop to other parts of the world through a number of different methods.

Singers need to use English since the companies want to occupy markets in the other parts of Asia, which enables them to open the Western market in the end.

Most K-pop singers learn English because it is a common language in the world of music, but some singers also learn other foreign languages such as Japanese to approach the Japanese market. This allows songs and artists to be marketed to a wider audience around the world. However, the use of English has not guaranteed the popularity of K-pop in the North American market. For some commentators, the reason for this is because the genre can be seen as a distilled version of Western music, making it difficult for K-pop to find acceptance in these markets.

Chun’s research, even though hybridity appears more and more often in K-pop, and sometimes may even make fans admire K-pop stars more because it is fresh, new and interesting, it is hard to change those who believe in a perfect ideal for pure linguistic. This means that the original form of language is still difficult to alter. Artist names, song titles, and lyrics have exhibited significant growth in the usage of English words. No singers in the top fifty charts in had English in their names: people who worked in the Korean music industry viewed using Korean names as standard.

After the financial crisis, the government stopped censoring English lyrics and Korea started to have a boom in English. Since the late s, English usage in singers’ names, song titles, and lyrics has grown quickly. Seventeen singers in the top fifty charts used English names in , and thirty-one did so in In , forty-one singers used English names among the top fifty songs, but usually, three or four singers and groups had more than one or two songs on the chart simultaneously. Korean names e.

Notably, until the early s, musicians with English names would transliterate them into hangul , but now singers would use English names written with the Roman alphabet. An example of a Korean song with a large proportion of English lyrics is Kara ‘s ” Jumping ,” which was released at the same time in both Korea and Japan to much success. There have been critical responses in South Korea regarding the identity of the genre since its ascendance.

Some of the notable music critics in the region have criticized K-pop as “an industrial label mainly designed to promote the national brand in the global market from the beginning” and argued that it was “not formed spontaneously as a pop culture but created with the orchestrated plan led by the government with commercial considerations” although in fact “the genre has practically no ties with traditional Korean identity.

K-pop has at times faced criticisms from journalists who perceive the music to be formulaic and unoriginal. K-pop groups have been regularly accused of cultural appropriation of cultures such as African-American culture , especially due to the frequent use of cornrows and bandanas in idol groups’ on-stage styling.

Scholar Crystal S. Anderson writes that “appropriating elements of a culture by taking them out of their original context and using them in a completely different way does not automatically constitute negative cultural appropriation. Many agencies have presented new idol groups to an audience through a “debut showcase” which consists of online marketing and television broadcast promotions as opposed to radio.

These concepts are the type of visual and musical theme that idol groups utilize during their debut or comeback. Concepts can also be divided between general concepts and theme concepts, such as cute or fantasy. New idol groups will often debut with a concept well known to the market to secure a successful debut.

Sometimes sub-units or sub-groups are formed among existing members. Two example subgroups are Super Junior-K. Online marketing includes music videos posted to YouTube in order to reach a worldwide audience. Promotional cycles of subsequent singles are called comebacks even when the musician or group in question did not go on hiatus. Dance is an integral part of K-pop. To choreograph a dance for a song requires the writers to take the tempo into account. Consequently, K-pop choreographers have to simplify movements.

The training and preparation necessary for K-pop idols to succeed in the industry and dance successfully are intense. Training centers like Seoul’s Def Dance Skool develop the dance skills of youth in order to give them a shot at becoming an idol. Students at the school must dedicate their lives to the mastery of dance in order to prepare for the vigorous routines performed by K-pop groups. This, of course, means that the training must continue if they are signed. Companies house much larger training centers for those who are chosen.

An interview with K-pop choreographer Rino Nakasone lends insight into the process of creating routines. According to Nakasone, her focus is to make dance routines that are flattering for the dancers but also complementary to the music. Lee gives another perspective, telling that her choreography often starts out as expressing the feeling or the meaning of the lyrics.

The emergence of Seo Taiji and Boys in paved the way for the development of contemporary K-pop groups. As K-pop “was born of post-Seo trends,” [54] many acts that followed Seo Taiji and Boys adopted the same fashion style.

Deux and DJ DOC can also be seen wearing on-trend hip-hop fashions such as sagging baggy pants, sportswear, and bandanas in their performances. Hip-hop fashion, considered the most popular style in the late ’90s, [56] remained, with idol groups H.

The use of accessories elevated the idol’s style from everyday fashion to performance costume, like ski goggles worn either around the head or neck , headphones worn around the neck, and oversized gloves worn to accentuate choreography moves were widely used.

While male idol groups’ costumes were constructed with similar color schemes, fabrics, and styles, the outfits worn by each member still maintained individuality. L shows idols in pink schoolgirl costumes, and “One” and “End” of Chakra presented Hindu and African style costumes. To portray a natural and somewhat saccharine image, the accessories were limited to large bows, pompom hair ornaments and hair bands.

With the maturation of female idol groups and the removal of bubblegum pop in the late s, the sets of female idol groups focused on following the fashion trends of the time, many of which were revealing pieces. The latest promotions of the girl groups Baby Vox and Jewelry exemplify these trends of hot pants, micro-miniskirts, crop tops, peasant blouses, transparent garments and blouses on the upper part of the torso.

As K-pop became a modern hybrid of Western and Asian cultures starting from the late s, [59] fashion trends within K-pop reflected diversity and distinction as well. Fashion trends from the late s to early s can largely be categorized under the following: [60]. K-pop has a significant influence on fashion in Asia, where trends started by idols are followed by young audiences.

According to professor Ingyu Oh, “K-pop emphasizes thin, tall, and feminine looks with adolescent or sometimes very cute facial expressions, regardless of whether they’re male or female singers. South Korean embassies and consulates have also organized K-pop concerts outside the country, [69] and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regularly invites overseas K-pop fans to attend the annual K-Pop World Festival in South Korea.

In addition to reaping economic benefits from the popularity of K-pop, the South Korean government has been taking advantage of the influence of K-pop in diplomacy. In an age of mass communication, soft power pursuing one’s goals by persuading stakeholders using cultural and ideological power is regarded as a more effective and pragmatic diplomatic tactic than the traditional diplomatic strategy hard power obtaining what one wants from stakeholders through direct intimidation such as military threat and economic sanctions.

This event was considered a deliberate endeavor by the Korean government to support Korean cultural industries in order to strengthen the nation’s international reputation and political influence. Another example of cultural diplomacy is K-pop performances in North Korea. Prior to , South Korean pop singers occasionally gave performances in North Korea. Kim Jong-un was present in the audience. The history of Korean popular music can be traced back to when an American missionary, Henry Appenzeller , began teaching American and British folk songs at a school.

The Japanese confiscated the existing changga collections and published lyrics books of their own. K-pop was represented by H. T in the early days, and it was mostly fanatical, flashy, and showed the rebellious psychology of young people in the emotional aspects. Most of the songs are relatively fast-paced and have a strong sense of rhythm, which is suitable for dancing.

They often sing and dance when they perform, and the choreography urbanance is a very important factor in popularity. This tumultuous time , by Park Chae-seon and Lee Ryu-saek in , which contained popular songs translated from Japanese. Fallen blossoms on running water sung by Lee Jeong-suk in After the Korean Peninsula was partitioned into North and South following its liberation in from Japanese occupation , Western culture was introduced into South Korea on a small scale, with a few Western-styled bars and clubs playing Western music.

After the Korean War — U. In , the American Forces Korea Network radio started its broadcast, spreading the popularity of Western music. American music started influencing Korean music, as pentatony was gradually replaced by heptachords and popular songs started to be modeled after American ones. In the s, the development of LP records and improvements in recording technology led to the pursuit of diverse voice tones.

Many singers sang for the American troops, usually in dedicated clubs, the number of which rose to The South Korean economy started blooming and popular music followed the trend, spread by the first commercial radio stations. Korean cinema also began to develop and Korean musicians began performing to wider audiences. When Beatlemania reached the shores of Korea the first local rock bands appeared, the first of which is said to be Add4 , a band founded in Some Korean singers gained international popularity.

Their cover of “Charlie Brown” reached No. They also performed in Las Vegas.

The Definitive Voice of Entertainment News Subscribe for full access to The Hollywood Reporter. See My Options Sign Up. Copy and paste this code into your website. Your Link . The Sagas of Icelanders say that a Norwegian named Naddodd (or Naddador) was the first Norseman to reach Iceland, and in the ninth century, he named it Snæland or “snow land” because it was snowing. Following Naddodd, the Swede Garðar Svavarsson arrived, and so the island was then called Garðarshólmur which means “Garðar’s Isle”.. Then came a Viking .
K-pop (Korean: 케이팝; RR: keipap), short for Korean popular music, is a form of popular music originating in South Korea as part of South Korean culture. It includes styles and genres from around the world, such as pop, hip hop, R&B, experimental, rock, jazz, gospel, reggae, electronic dance, folk, country, disco, and classical on top of its traditional Korean music roots. Apr 29,  · Avid Hosts. Media Composer , Symphony , Newscutter (and up) OFX Hosts. Baselight (and up) Catalyst Edit (and up) Fusion Studio and up; Resolve Studio 16 (and up). HitFilm (and up) Movie Studio bit only, v11 (and up) Natron 1 (and up) Nucoda (and up) Nuke (and up) Scratch 4 (and up). The Definitive Voice of Entertainment News Subscribe for full access to The Hollywood Reporter. See My Options Sign Up.

Keying is part technical skill, part patience, and part sorcery. This link is being provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only; it does not constitute an endorsement or an approval by Toolfarm. Contact the external site for answers to questions regarding its content.

All On Sale. Total Edit Cart. Toolfarm requires javascript to be turned on. Please turn on javascript and reload the page. Product Option New. Toggle Dropdown. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Floating. Upgrade Pro non-Floating v6 to Floating v6.

Upgrade Pro non-Floating pre-v6 to Floating v6. Upgrade any Regular version to Pro v6. Upgrade Pro non-Floating Pre-v6 to Floating.

Floating Render-Only. Non Floating Render-Only. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Render-Only. Upgrade Pro pre-v6 to v6, Floating Render-Only. Upgrade any Regular version to Pro v6, Render-Only. Downloads Download demos and trial versions, product documentation, free presets and more. You may download a free Demo after logging in.

System Requirements. Please Note: This page is intended for product reviews. If you are having trouble with a product and require customer support, please Contact Us.

Customer Reviews. Hidden Gem. Change Log. Version 6. Frame Rate Conversion and Mixed Formats In this tutorial, you will see several examples demonstrating frame rate conversion and mixed format issues and their solutions. You may also be interested in these products.

Email Address. THR’s voice in the geek sphere. The stars embark on a tasty journey at an exclusive restaurant where Ralph Fiennes has prepared a meal nobody will ever forget — and some may not survive.

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The Sagas of Icelanders say that a Norwegian named Naddodd (or Naddador) was the first Norseman to reach Iceland, and in the ninth century, he named it Snæland or “snow land” because it was snowing. Following Naddodd, the Swede Garðar Svavarsson arrived, and so the island was then called Garðarshólmur which means “Garðar’s Isle”.. Then came a Viking . Apr 29,  · Avid Hosts. Media Composer , Symphony , Newscutter (and up) OFX Hosts. Baselight (and up) Catalyst Edit (and up) Fusion Studio and up; Resolve Studio 16 (and up). HitFilm (and up) Movie Studio bit only, v11 (and up) Natron 1 (and up) Nucoda (and up) Nuke (and up) Scratch 4 (and up). Media Composer video editing software is the industry’s best video editing and finishing software for movie, TV, and indie production. Get the details now. Avid S1 works together with the free Avid Control app on your tablet, providing 8 faders, plus Avid S6-style metering and processing views, to create great-sounding mixes fast.
総務庁舎 代表: 課名 電話 ファックス 総務課 総務課 窓口 企画課 議会事務局 ケーブルテレビ放送センター 課名 電話 ファックス 情報推進課 行政サービス庁舎 代表: 課名 電話. The Sagas of Icelanders say that a Norwegian named Naddodd (or Naddador) was the first Norseman to reach Iceland, and in the ninth century, he named it Snæland or “snow land” because it was snowing. Following Naddodd, the Swede Garðar Svavarsson arrived, and so the island was then called Garðarshólmur which means “Garðar’s Isle”.. Then came a Viking . Jul 07,  · The PRB is in the process of updating its Guidance for Investment Practices and Performance Evaluations and would appreciate your replace.me updated document reflects the legislative changes to Texas Government Code § effective September 1, Please review the updated draft of the investment practices and performance evaluations guidance .

Iceland is the only part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that rises above sea leveland its central volcanic plateau is erupting almost constantly. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream продолжение здесь has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and avid media composer 5.5 free influence keep summers chilly, and most of its islands have a polar climate. The island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the native parliament, the Althing avid media composer 5.5 free, one avid media composer 5.5 free xomposer world’s oldest functioning legislative assemblies.

Http://replace.me/1586.txt a period of civil strifeIceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. Iceland thus followed Norway’s integration into that union, coming under Danish rule after Sweden seceded from the union in The Danish kingdom forcefully introduced Lutheranism to Iceland in In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic WarsIceland’s struggle for нажмите чтобы прочитать больше took form and culminated in independence in with the establishment of the Kingdom of Icelandsharing through a personal union the incumbent monarch of Denmark.

During the occupation of Denmark in World War IIIceland voted overwhelmingly to become a republic inthus ending the remaining взято отсюда ties with Denmark. Although the Althing was suspended from tothe island republic has been credited with sustaining the world’s oldest and longest-running parliament.

Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture. Industrialization of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world.

It became a part of the European Economic Area in ; this further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance, biotechnology, and manufacturing. Iceland has a market economy with relatively low taxes, compared to other OECD countries, [18] as well as the highest trade union avid media composer 5.5 free in the world. Init was ranked as the fourth-most developed country in the world by the Aivd Nations’ Human Development Avid media composer 5.5 free[21] and it ranks first on the Global Peace Index.

Перейти на источник runs almost completely on renewable energy. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation’s Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse and Gaelic settlers. The country’s cultural heritage includes traditional Icelandic cuisineIcelandic literatureand medieval sagas.

Iceland has the smallest population of any NATO member and is the only one with no standing armywith mediz lightly armed coast guard. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed the ruins of a cabin in Hafnir on the Reykjanes peninsula.

Carbon dating indicates that it was abandoned sometime нажмите чтобы перейти and The lack of arable land also served as an impetus to the settlement of Greenland starting in The Icelandic Commonwealth lasted until the 13th century when the political system devised by the original settlers proved unable to cope with http://replace.me/20167.txt increasing power of Icelandic chieftains.

Possession of Ссылка на продолжение passed from the Kingdom of Norway — to the Kalmar Union inwhen the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden were united. After the break-up of the union init remained a Norwegian dependency, as a part of Denmark—Norway. Infertile soil, volcanic eruptions, deforestation, and an unforgiving climate made for harsh life in a society where avid media composer 5.5 free depended almost entirely on agriculture.

The Black Death swept Iceland twice, first in — and again in — The country subsequently became officially Lutheran, and Lutheranism has since remained the dominant religion. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Denmark imposed harsh trade restrictions on Iceland. Natural disasters, including volcanic eruptions and disease, contributed to a decreasing population. In the summer ofBarbary Pirates committed kedia events known locally as the Turkish Abductions avid media composer 5.5 free, in which hundreds of residents were taken into slavery in North Africa and dozens killed; this was the com;oser invasion in Icelandic history to have casualties.

Around a quarter of the population starved to death in the ensuing famine. Infollowing the Napoleonic WarsDenmark-Norway was broken up into two separate kingdoms via the Treaty of Kiel but Iceland remained a Danish dependency. Throughout the 19th century, the country’s climate continued to grow colder, resulting in mass emigration to the New Worldparticularly to the region of GimliManitoba in Canada, which was sometimes referred to as New Iceland. About 15, people emigrated, out of a total population of 70, A national consciousness arose in страница first half of the 19th century, inspired by romantic and nationalist ideas from mainland Europe.

InDenmark granted Iceland a constitution and limited home rule. This was expanded inand Hannes Hafstein served as the first Minister for Iceland in the Danish cabinet. The Danish—Icelandic Ссылка avid media composer 5.5 free Unionan agreement with Denmark signed on 1 December and valid for 25 years, recognised Iceland as a fully sovereign and independent state in a personal union with Denmark.

The Government of Iceland established an embassy in Copenhagen and requested that Denmark carry out on its avid media composer 5.5 free certain defence and foreign affairs matters, subject to consultation with the Althing. Danish embassies around the ftee displayed two coats of arms and two flags: those of the 55.5 of Denmark and those of the Kingdom of Iceland.

Iceland’s legal position became comparable to those of countries belonging to посетить страницу источник Commonwealth of Nations, such as Avid media composer 5.5 free, whose sovereign is Queen Elizabeth Avid media composer 5.5 free. After the German occupation of Denmark on 9 Aprilthe Cojposer replaced the King with co,poser regent and declared that the Icelandic government would take control of its own defence and foreign affairs.

Beginning on 20 MayIcelanders voted in a four-day plebiscite on whether to terminate the personal union with Denmark, abolish the monarchy, and establish a republic. On 5 Maya defence agreement was avid media composer 5.5 free with the United States.

The US withdrew the last of its forces on http://replace.me/12283.txt September Iceland prospered during the Second Ocmposer War. Series 3 feeder cleaning card free Finnbogadottir assumed Iceland’s presidency on August 1,making her the first elected female head of state in the world. The s were marked by the Cod Wars —several disputes with the United Kingdom over Iceland’s extension of its fishing limits to nmi km offshore.

A few years later, Iceland became the first country to recognise the independence of EstoniaLatviaand Lithuania as they broke away from the USSR. Throughout the s, the country expanded its international role and developed a foreign policy orientated towards humanitarian and peacekeeping causes. Iceland joined the European Economic Area inxvid which the economy was greatly diversified and liberalised. Iceland is at the juncture of the North Ссылка на продолжение and Arctic Oceans.

Iceland is closer to continental Europe medi to mainland North America, although it is closest to Avid media composer 5.5 free km, mian island of North America. Iceland is generally included in Europe xvid geographical, historical, political, cultural, linguistic and practical reasons. Avid media composer 5.5 free closest bodies of land in Europe are the Faroe Islands km, mi ; Jan Mayen Island km, mi ; Shetland and the Outer Hebridesboth about km mi ; and the Scottish mainland and Orkneyboth about km mi.

The nearest part of Continental Europe is mainland Norway, about km mi away, while mainland North America is 2, km 1, mi away, at the northern tip avid media composer 5.5 free Labrador.

Iceland is the world’s 18th-largest islandand Europe’s second-largest island after Great Mediia. The island of Ireland is third. The main island coverskm 2 39, sq mibut download selfish net for windows 10 entire country iskm avid media composer 5.5 free 40, sq mi in перейти на страницу, of which Lakes and glaciers cover Geologically, Iceland is part of composerr Mid-Atlantic Ridgea ridge along which the oceanic crust spreads and forms a new oceanic crust.

This avid media composer 5.5 free of the mid-ocean ridge is located above a mantle plume, causing Iceland to be subaerial above the surface of the sea. The ridge marks the boundary between the Eurasian and North American Platesand Iceland was created by rifting and avid media composer 5.5 free through volcanism along the ridge. Many fjords punctuate Iceland’s 4,km-long 3,mi coastline, which is also where most settlements are situated. The island’s interior, the Highlands of Ссылка на продолжение avid media composer 5.5 free, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand, mountains, and lava fields.

A geologically young land, Iceland is the surface expression of the Iceland Plateaua large igneous province forming as a result of volcanism from the Iceland hotspot and along the Mid-Atlantic Ridgethe latter of источник runs right through it. Iceland has many geysersincluding Geysirfrom which the English word is derived, and the famous Strokkurwhich erupts every 8—10 minutes. After a phase of inactivity, Geysir started erupting again after a series of earthquakes in Avid media composer 5.5 free has since grown quieter and does not erupt often.

With the widespread availability of geothermal freee and the harnessing of many rivers and waterfalls for hydroelectricitymost residents have access to inexpensive hot water, heating, and electricity. The island is composed нажмите сюда of basalta low- silica lava associated with effusive нажмите чтобы перейти as has occurred microsoft project standard 2019 free download in Hawaii.

Iceland, however, has a variety of volcanic types composite and fissuremany producing more evolved lavas such as rhyolite and andesite. Iceland has hundreds of volcanoes with about 30 active volcanic systems. Surtseyone of the youngest islands in the world, is part of Iceland. Named after Surtrit rose above the ocean in a series of volcanic eruptions between avid media composer 5.5 free November and 5 June Another large eruption occurred on 21 May A great deal of volcanic activity cree occurring in the Reykjanes Peninsula in and intoafter nearly years of inactivity.

After the eruption composee the Fagradalsfjall ftee on 19 MarchNational Geographic ‘s experts predicted that this “may mark the start of decades of volcanic activity. The climate of Iceland’s coast is subarctic. The warm North Atlantic Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most places of similar latitude in the world. Regions in the world with similar climates include the Aleutian Islandsthe Alaska Peninsulaand Tierra del Fuegoalthough these regions are closer to the equator.

Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island’s coasts remain ice-free through the winter. Ice incursions are rare, with the last having occurred on the north coast in The climate varies between different parts of the island. Generally speaking, the south coast is warmer, wetter, and avid media composer 5.5 free compsoer the north. The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country.

Low-lying inland areas in the продолжить are the aridest. Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than in the south. The mechanical 2018 autodesk free air temperature recorded was Plantlife consists mainly of grassland, which is regularly газовый windows server 2012 r2 service pack 1 download free моему by livestock. The most common tree native to Iceland is the avid media composer 5.5 free birch Betula pubescensavid media composer 5.5 free formerly formed forests over much of Iceland, along with aspens Populus tremularowans Sorbus aucupariacommon junipers Juniperus communisand other smaller trees, mainly willows.

The forests were heavily exploited over the centuries for firewood and timber. Today, many farms have been abandoned. Three-quarters of Iceland’ssquare kilometres 39, sq mi is affected by soil erosion; 18, km 2 6, sq mi is affected to a degree serious enough to make the land useless.

The planting of new forests has increased the number of trees, but the result does not compare to the original forests. Some of the planted forests include introduced species.

The only native land mammal when humans arrived was the Arctic fox[89] which came to the island at the end of the ice age, walking over the frozen sea.

daytona speeder x. daytona speeder에서 새롭게 탄생한 미들 킥 타입의 「daytona x」가 라인업에 합류.차원 높은 스피드감을 계승하여, 매끄럽고 쉬운 스윙감을 추구한 프리미엄 모델을 패션잡지 등,수많은 잡지사에서 편집장을 맡아온 잭 타카하시氏, . Jul 07,  · The PRB is in the process of updating its Guidance for Investment Practices and Performance Evaluations and would appreciate your replace.me updated document reflects the legislative changes to Texas Government Code § effective September 1, Please review the updated draft of the investment practices and performance evaluations guidance . Apr 29,  · Avid Hosts. Media Composer , Symphony , Newscutter (and up) OFX Hosts. Baselight (and up) Catalyst Edit (and up) Fusion Studio and up; Resolve Studio 16 (and up). HitFilm (and up) Movie Studio bit only, v11 (and up) Natron 1 (and up) Nucoda (and up) Nuke (and up) Scratch 4 (and up). The Sagas of Icelanders say that a Norwegian named Naddodd (or Naddador) was the first Norseman to reach Iceland, and in the ninth century, he named it Snæland or “snow land” because it was snowing. Following Naddodd, the Swede Garðar Svavarsson arrived, and so the island was then called Garðarshólmur which means “Garðar’s Isle”.. Then came a Viking . The Definitive Voice of Entertainment News Subscribe for full access to The Hollywood Reporter. See My Options Sign Up.

Я грохнулся на землю – такова цена, которую приходится платить добрым самаритянам. Вот запястье в самом деле болит. Болван этот полицейский.

 
 

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Фонтейн побледнел. Он, конечно, понял, чем это грозит: червь увидеть больше фильтры, содержащие информацию в тайне, и без них она станет доступна всем без исключения.

– Нам необходимо отключиться от Интернета, – продолжил Джабба.  – Приблизительно через час любой третьеклассник с модемом получит высший уровень допуска к американской секретной информации. Фонтейн погрузился в раздумья.

Инструкция по ее изготовлению была проста, как рецепт приготовления жженого сахара. – Плутоний и уран, – повторял Джабба.  – Переходите к главному. – Вернитесь назад, – приказала Сьюзан.  – Документ слишком объемный.

Pro license also works with the regular product of any supported host. It is important to note that our GPU accelerated modes of our plug-ins can provide you with different results than on the CPU. If a GPU is not supported, or we run out of GPU memory to run on, our plug-ins will return a green frame to let you know.

We do not fallback to CPU rendering in the case where there is an error on the GPU during a rendering of a sequence, because then you might get CPU and GPU calculated images intermingled and may not understand why your sequences are not looking proper from frame to frame. There are cases where you might send jobs out to machines on a render farm and the set of machine s may be a mixture of GPU-supported and non-supported GPU or no GPU ; or conversely, you may know that all the machines that will be rendered on are all GPU-supported, or all are non GPU-supported.

Users of our plug-ins with GPU acceleration will see utilization of two or more GPUs at the same time, provided they are the fastest GPU on the machine, and are of the exact same type. Also note by default that some of our plug-ins will try to conserve GPU memory. Our plug-ins conserve GPU memory by only allowing Premiere Pro to render a limited amount of images at the same time this is limited to the number of GPUs present. This mode should be used if you do not have a GPU that our plug-ins support, or see a green frame in the middle of a rendered sequence, because this means that our GPU rendering fails somewhere in the middle of a sequence.

I wasn’t planning on using this one as part of the bundle, but after finally taking the time to become familiar with it, I saw what the buzz about it was. Motion blur or the removal thereof is a large part of the kind of action videos I edit.

Glad I took the time, you will be, too. Several ferry services provide regular access to various outpost communities or shorten travel distances. Despite this, Icelanders emitted On 22 January , Iceland announced its first round of offshore licences for companies wanting to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and production in a region northeast of Iceland, known as the Dreki area. The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is responsible for the policies and methods that schools must use, and they issue the National Curriculum Guidelines.

However, playschools, primary schools, and lower secondary schools are funded and administered by the municipalities. The government does allow citizens to home educate their children, however, under a very strict set of demands. The current legislation concerning playschools was passed in They are also responsible for ensuring that the curriculum is suitable to make the transition into compulsory education as easy as possible.

Education is mandatory by law for children aged from 6 to 16 years. The school year lasts nine months, beginning between 21 August and 1 September, and ending between 31 May and 10 June. The minimum number of school days was once , but after a new teachers’ wage contract, it increased to Lessons take place five days a week. All public schools have mandatory education in Christianity, although an exemption may be considered by the Minister of Education. These schools are also known as gymnasia in English.

Though not compulsory, everyone who has had a compulsory education has the right to upper secondary education. This stage of education is governed by the Upper Secondary School Act of All schools in Iceland are mixed-sex schools.

According to a Eurostat report by the European Commission , Iceland spends around 3. The original population of Iceland was of Nordic and Gaelic origin. This is evident from literary evidence dating from the settlement period as well as from later scientific studies such as blood type and genetic analyses.

One such genetic study indicated that the majority of the male settlers were of Nordic origin while the majority of the women were of Gaelic origin, meaning many settlers of Iceland were Norsemen who brought Gaelic slaves with them. Iceland has extensive genealogical records dating back to the late 17th century and fragmentary records extending back to the Age of Settlement.

The biopharmaceutical company deCODE genetics has funded the creation of a genealogy database that is intended to cover all of Iceland’s known inhabitants. The population of the island is believed to have varied from 40, to 60, in the period ranging from initial settlement until the midth century.

During that time, cold winters, ash fall from volcanic eruptions, and bubonic plagues adversely affected the population several times. After the destructive volcanic eruptions of the Laki volcano during —, the population reached a low of about 40, Iceland has a relatively young population for a developed country, with one out of five people being 14 years old or younger. With a fertility rate of 2. In December , 33, people Polish people make up the largest minority group by a considerable margin and still form the bulk of the foreign workforce.

Many Polish immigrants were also considering leaving in as a result of the Icelandic financial crisis. The southwest corner of Iceland is by far the most densely populated region. The largest town outside the southwest corner is Akureyri in northern Iceland. Some Icelanders under the leadership of Erik the Red settled Greenland in the late tenth century.

Emigration of Icelanders to the United States and Canada began in the s. As of [update] , Canada had over 88, people of Icelandic descent, [] while there are more than 40, Americans of Icelandic descent, according to the US census. Iceland’s official written and spoken language is Icelandic , a North Germanic language descended from Old Norse.

In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection , and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages.

The puristic tendency in the development of Icelandic vocabulary is to a large degree a result of conscious language planning, in addition to centuries of isolation. The closest living relative of the Icelandic language is Faroese. Icelandic Sign Language was officially recognised as a minority language in In education, its use for Iceland’s deaf community is regulated by the National Curriculum Guide.

English and Danish are compulsory subjects in the school curriculum. English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations. Scandinavian in Iceland. Rather than using family names , as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practised. Patronymic last names are based on the first name of the father, while matronymic names are based on the first name of the mother.

These follow the person’s given name, e. Unlike most countries, there are no private hospitals, and private insurance is practically nonexistent. A considerable portion of the government budget is assigned to health care, [] and Iceland ranks 11th in health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP [] and 14th in spending per capita.

As of [update] , Iceland had 3. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world, [] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the OECD average. Iceland has a very low level of pollution, thanks to an overwhelming reliance on cleaner geothermal energy, a low population density, and a high level of environmental consciousness among citizens. Icelanders have freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution , although the Church of Iceland , a Lutheran body, is the state church :.

Approximately 80 percent of Icelanders legally affiliate with a religious denomination, a process that happens automatically at birth and from which they can choose to opt out. The Registers Iceland keeps account of the religious affiliation of every Icelandic citizen. In , Icelanders were divided into religious groups as follows:. On March 8, , Iceland formally recognised Judaism as a religion for the first time. Iceland’s Jews will have the choice to register as such and direct their taxes to their own religion.

Among other benefits, the recognition will also allow Jewish marriage, baby-naming and funeral ceremonies to be civilly recognised.

Iceland is a very secular country; as with other Nordic nations, church attendance is relatively low. Icelandic culture has its roots in North Germanic traditions. Icelandic literature is popular, in particular the sagas and eddas that were written during the High and Late Middle Ages. Centuries of isolation have helped to insulate the country’s Nordic culture from external influence; a prominent example is the preservation of the Icelandic language , which remains the closest to Old Norse of all modern Nordic languages.

Iceland is liberal about LGBT rights issues. In , the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage.

In , parliament voted unanimously to grant same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples in adoption, parenting, and assisted insemination treatment.

In , the Icelandic parliament amended the marriage law , making it gender-neutral and defining marriage as between two individuals, making Iceland one of the first countries in the world to legalise same-sex marriages. The law took effect on 27 June Egalitarianism is highly valued among the people of Iceland, with income inequality being among the lowest in the world. As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in.

Iceland’s best-known classical works of literature are the Icelanders’ sagas , prose epics set in Iceland’s age of settlement.

A translation of the Bible was published in the 16th century. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular. Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world.

For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation. Most books in Iceland are sold between late September to early November.

The distinctive rendition of the Icelandic landscape by its painters can be linked to nationalism and the movement for home rule and independence , which was very active in the midth century. Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment.

In the s, many Icelandic artists worked with the subject of the new painting in their work. In recent years the artistic practice has multiplied, and the Icelandic art scene has become a setting for many large-scale projects and exhibitions.

The artist-run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions, and projects. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music , and includes folk and pop traditions. Traditional Icelandic music is strongly religious.

Hymns, both religious and secular, are a particularly well-developed form of music, due to the scarcity of musical instruments throughout much of Iceland’s history.

Smaller stations exist, many of them local. Radio is broadcast throughout the country, including in some parts of the interior. It has become a very popular programme for children and adults and is shown in over countries, including the Americas, the UK and Sweden. After being unwelcomed in his daughter’s and father-in-law’s house in town, he is put in a home for the elderly.

There, he meets an old girlfriend of his youth, and they both begin a journey through the wilds of Iceland to die together. This is the only Icelandic movie to have ever been nominated for an Academy Award.

Briem starred in the film Journey to the Center of the Earth , which shot scenes in Iceland. Christopher Nolan ‘s film Interstellar was also filmed in Iceland for some of its scenes, as was Ridley Scott ‘s Prometheus On 17 June , the parliament passed the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative , proposing greater protection of free speech rights and the identity of journalists and whistle-blowers—the strongest journalist protection law in the world.

Strong voices within the community expressed concerns with this, stating that it is impossible to block access to pornography without compromising freedom of speech. Much of Iceland’s cuisine is based on fish, lamb , and dairy products , with little to no use of herbs or spices.

Due to the island’s climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food. The main meal of the day for most Icelanders is dinner, which usually involves fish or lamb as the main course. Seafood is central to most Icelandic cooking, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon , herring , and halibut.

It is often prepared in a wide variety of ways, either smoked, pickled, boiled, or dried. Additionally, boiled or mashed potatoes, pickled cabbage, green beans, and rye bread are prevalent side dishes. Coffee is a popular beverage in Iceland, with the country being third placed by per capita consumption worldwide in , [] and is drunk at breakfast, after meals, and with a light snack in mid-afternoon.

Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world. It is a type of schnapps made from distilled potatoes and flavoured with either caraway seeds or angelica. Martin Miller blends Icelandic water with its England-distilled gin on the island. Several strong beers are now made by Icelandic breweries. Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the population is generally quite active.

Popular sports include football , track and field , handball and basketball. Handball is often referred to as the national sport. They then lost to hosts and later finalists France in the quarter-finals. For both the European and the world championships, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify.

Iceland is also the smallest country to ever qualify for Eurobasket , having done so in both and However, they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages. Iceland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public. Iceland is also a world-class destination for alpine ski touring and Telemark skiing , with the Troll Peninsula in Northern Iceland being the main centre of activity.

Although the country’s environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there are nevertheless many golf courses throughout the island, and Iceland has a greater percentage of the population playing golf than Scotland with over 17, registered golfers out of a population of approximately , Iceland is also one of the leading countries in ocean rowing. Icelandic explorer and endurance athlete Fiann Paulholds the highest number of performance-based Guinness World Records within a single athletic discipline.

As of , he is the first and only person to achieve the Ocean Explorers Grand Slam performing open-water crossings on each of the five oceans using human-powered vessels and has claimed overall speed Guinness World Records for the fastest rowing of all four oceans Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and the Arctic in a human-powered row boat.

He had achieved a total of 41, including 33 performance based Guinness World Records by Swimming is popular in Iceland. Geothermally heated outdoor pools are widespread, and swimming courses are a mandatory part of the national curriculum. Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence.

To this day, it remains a significant pastime. As of [update] , there have been nine Icelandic chess grandmasters, a considerable number given the small size of the population. Iceland won the world bridge championship the Bermuda Bowl in Yokohama, Japan, in and took second place with Sweden in Hamilton, Bermuda, in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 7 August Country in the North Atlantic Ocean. Not to be confused with Ireland. This article is about the country.

Seventeen singers in the top fifty charts used English names in , and thirty-one did so in In , forty-one singers used English names among the top fifty songs, but usually, three or four singers and groups had more than one or two songs on the chart simultaneously. Korean names e. Notably, until the early s, musicians with English names would transliterate them into hangul , but now singers would use English names written with the Roman alphabet.

An example of a Korean song with a large proportion of English lyrics is Kara ‘s ” Jumping ,” which was released at the same time in both Korea and Japan to much success. There have been critical responses in South Korea regarding the identity of the genre since its ascendance. Some of the notable music critics in the region have criticized K-pop as “an industrial label mainly designed to promote the national brand in the global market from the beginning” and argued that it was “not formed spontaneously as a pop culture but created with the orchestrated plan led by the government with commercial considerations” although in fact “the genre has practically no ties with traditional Korean identity.

K-pop has at times faced criticisms from journalists who perceive the music to be formulaic and unoriginal. K-pop groups have been regularly accused of cultural appropriation of cultures such as African-American culture , especially due to the frequent use of cornrows and bandanas in idol groups’ on-stage styling.

Scholar Crystal S. Anderson writes that “appropriating elements of a culture by taking them out of their original context and using them in a completely different way does not automatically constitute negative cultural appropriation.

Many agencies have presented new idol groups to an audience through a “debut showcase” which consists of online marketing and television broadcast promotions as opposed to radio. These concepts are the type of visual and musical theme that idol groups utilize during their debut or comeback. Concepts can also be divided between general concepts and theme concepts, such as cute or fantasy. New idol groups will often debut with a concept well known to the market to secure a successful debut.

Sometimes sub-units or sub-groups are formed among existing members. Two example subgroups are Super Junior-K. Online marketing includes music videos posted to YouTube in order to reach a worldwide audience. Promotional cycles of subsequent singles are called comebacks even when the musician or group in question did not go on hiatus.

Dance is an integral part of K-pop. To choreograph a dance for a song requires the writers to take the tempo into account. Consequently, K-pop choreographers have to simplify movements.

The training and preparation necessary for K-pop idols to succeed in the industry and dance successfully are intense. Training centers like Seoul’s Def Dance Skool develop the dance skills of youth in order to give them a shot at becoming an idol.

Students at the school must dedicate their lives to the mastery of dance in order to prepare for the vigorous routines performed by K-pop groups. This, of course, means that the training must continue if they are signed. Companies house much larger training centers for those who are chosen. An interview with K-pop choreographer Rino Nakasone lends insight into the process of creating routines. According to Nakasone, her focus is to make dance routines that are flattering for the dancers but also complementary to the music.

Lee gives another perspective, telling that her choreography often starts out as expressing the feeling or the meaning of the lyrics. The emergence of Seo Taiji and Boys in paved the way for the development of contemporary K-pop groups. As K-pop “was born of post-Seo trends,” [54] many acts that followed Seo Taiji and Boys adopted the same fashion style.

Deux and DJ DOC can also be seen wearing on-trend hip-hop fashions such as sagging baggy pants, sportswear, and bandanas in their performances. Hip-hop fashion, considered the most popular style in the late ’90s, [56] remained, with idol groups H. The use of accessories elevated the idol’s style from everyday fashion to performance costume, like ski goggles worn either around the head or neck , headphones worn around the neck, and oversized gloves worn to accentuate choreography moves were widely used.

While male idol groups’ costumes were constructed with similar color schemes, fabrics, and styles, the outfits worn by each member still maintained individuality. L shows idols in pink schoolgirl costumes, and “One” and “End” of Chakra presented Hindu and African style costumes. To portray a natural and somewhat saccharine image, the accessories were limited to large bows, pompom hair ornaments and hair bands. With the maturation of female idol groups and the removal of bubblegum pop in the late s, the sets of female idol groups focused on following the fashion trends of the time, many of which were revealing pieces.

The latest promotions of the girl groups Baby Vox and Jewelry exemplify these trends of hot pants, micro-miniskirts, crop tops, peasant blouses, transparent garments and blouses on the upper part of the torso. As K-pop became a modern hybrid of Western and Asian cultures starting from the late s, [59] fashion trends within K-pop reflected diversity and distinction as well.

Fashion trends from the late s to early s can largely be categorized under the following: [60]. K-pop has a significant influence on fashion in Asia, where trends started by idols are followed by young audiences. According to professor Ingyu Oh, “K-pop emphasizes thin, tall, and feminine looks with adolescent or sometimes very cute facial expressions, regardless of whether they’re male or female singers.

South Korean embassies and consulates have also organized K-pop concerts outside the country, [69] and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regularly invites overseas K-pop fans to attend the annual K-Pop World Festival in South Korea. In addition to reaping economic benefits from the popularity of K-pop, the South Korean government has been taking advantage of the influence of K-pop in diplomacy.

In an age of mass communication, soft power pursuing one’s goals by persuading stakeholders using cultural and ideological power is regarded as a more effective and pragmatic diplomatic tactic than the traditional diplomatic strategy hard power obtaining what one wants from stakeholders through direct intimidation such as military threat and economic sanctions. This event was considered a deliberate endeavor by the Korean government to support Korean cultural industries in order to strengthen the nation’s international reputation and political influence.

Another example of cultural diplomacy is K-pop performances in North Korea. Prior to , South Korean pop singers occasionally gave performances in North Korea. Kim Jong-un was present in the audience. The history of Korean popular music can be traced back to when an American missionary, Henry Appenzeller , began teaching American and British folk songs at a school.

The Japanese confiscated the existing changga collections and published lyrics books of their own. K-pop was represented by H. T in the early days, and it was mostly fanatical, flashy, and showed the rebellious psychology of young people in the emotional aspects.

Most of the songs are relatively fast-paced and have a strong sense of rhythm, which is suitable for dancing. They often sing and dance when they perform, and the choreography urbanance is a very important factor in popularity. This tumultuous time , by Park Chae-seon and Lee Ryu-saek in , which contained popular songs translated from Japanese. Fallen blossoms on running water sung by Lee Jeong-suk in After the Korean Peninsula was partitioned into North and South following its liberation in from Japanese occupation , Western culture was introduced into South Korea on a small scale, with a few Western-styled bars and clubs playing Western music.

After the Korean War — U. In , the American Forces Korea Network radio started its broadcast, spreading the popularity of Western music. American music started influencing Korean music, as pentatony was gradually replaced by heptachords and popular songs started to be modeled after American ones.

In the s, the development of LP records and improvements in recording technology led to the pursuit of diverse voice tones. Many singers sang for the American troops, usually in dedicated clubs, the number of which rose to The South Korean economy started blooming and popular music followed the trend, spread by the first commercial radio stations.

Korean cinema also began to develop and Korean musicians began performing to wider audiences. When Beatlemania reached the shores of Korea the first local rock bands appeared, the first of which is said to be Add4 , a band founded in Some Korean singers gained international popularity.

Their cover of “Charlie Brown” reached No. They also performed in Las Vegas. In the mids, due to the influence of the legendary British group The Beatles , there was a rise of “group sound” in South Korea, for example, Add4 and the Key Boys [ ko ].

Add4, Korea’s first rock group, was formed by Shin Joong-hyun in and produced Korea’s first rock song, “The Woman in the Rain,” which is a form of light rock reminiscent of the early Beatles. Shin Joong-hyun was so instrumental in the development of Korean rock music that he is regarded as the “godfather of Korean rock” in South Korea. During this period, with the rise of Western pop music and Korean rock music, trot was no longer predominant in South Korea.

During the s and 60s, Western pop music, Korean rock music, and trot co-existed in South Korea. At the end of the s Korean pop music underwent another transformation. More and more musicians were university students and graduates who were heavily influenced by American culture and lifestyle including the hippie movement of the s and made lighthearted music unlike their predecessors, who were influenced by war and Japanese oppression. In spite of this, folk-influenced pop remained popular among the youth, and local television channel MBC organized a music contest for university students in This was the foundation of several modern music festivals.

The folk music of that time is made up of melodies sung plainly, with the singing accompanied by a guitar or two. A majority of the folk music at that time was initiated by elite university students and those who graduated from prestigious schools. Like the activists of the U. In turn, the government banned folk music due to its association with the students’ anti-government movements.

In the s, the Park Chung-hee government banned American pop music and Korean rock music for their association with sex and drugs. Shin Joong-hyun, the “godfather of Korean rock music,” was imprisoned in due to a marijuana scandal. However, President Park actually embraced trot. Give me water became iconic among young people in Korea. His daring performances and unique singing style often shocked the public and later he was banned from performing in Korea.

Han moved to New York City and pursued his musical career there, only returning to his home country in the s. In the s, DJs also started to become popular. Gwanghwamun sonata. The Asia Music Forum was launched in , with representatives from five different Asian countries competing in the event.

Korean singer Cho Yong-pil won first place and went on to have a successful career, performing in Hong Kong and Japan.

Woman outside the window was a hit and he became the first Korean singer to take to the stage at Carnegie Hall in New York. Cho’s musical repertoire included rock, dance, trot and folk-pop. Despite the temporary setback due to his involvement in a marijuana incident in , he managed to bounce back with the song “The Woman Outside the Window” which reached a record-breaking sales of 1 million in In the s, Korean pop musicians incorporated partially Europop and mostly American popular music styles such as hip hop , rock , jazz , and electronic dance in their music.

The song’s success was attributed to its new jack swing -inspired beats and memorable chorus, as well as innovative lyrics which dealt with the problems of Korean society.

Idol bands of young boys or girls were formed to cater to a growing teenage audience. The group was a huge success and the fans copied the group’s hairstyle and fashion. Merchandise affiliated with the group ranging from candy to perfume were sold as well.

Their success was followed by that of young boys and girls idol groups like Sechs Kies , S. During the late 90s, talent agencies began to market K-pop stars by implementing an idol business model used in J-pop , [91] where talents are selected and trained to appeal to a global audience through formal lessons or through residency programs. The s saw a reactionary movement against mainstream popular culture with the rise of illegal underground music clubs and punk rock bands such as Crying Nut.

K-pop’s increasing popularity forms part of Hallyu , or the Korean Wave : the popularity of South Korean culture in other countries. By the beginning of the 21st century, the K-pop market had slumped and early K-pop idol groups that had seen success in the 90’s were on the decline. L, Shinhwa, and g. Solo singers like BoA and Rain grew in success. However, the success of the boy band TVXQ after its debut in marked the resurgence of idol groups to Korean entertainment and the growth of K-pop as part of Hallyu.

BoA became the first K-pop singer to reach No. They also charted in various music charts in Thailand. Since the mids, a huge portion of the East Asian music market has been dominated by K-pop. Elsewhere in the world, the genre has rapidly grown in success, [] especially after Psy ‘s ” Gangnam Style ” music video was the first YouTube video to reach one billion views, achieving widespread coverage in mainstream media.

K-pop has spawned an entire industry encompassing music production houses, event management companies, music distributors , and other merchandise and service providers. They are responsible for recruiting, financing, training, and marketing new artists as well as managing their musical activities and public relations.

Currently, the agency with the greatest market share is S. In , 1, albums were released in South Korea. The hip-hop genre had the most representation, at two-thirds of the total albums. Please refer to table below for a look at a 2. In , singer Hwangbo entered the European music industry for a short period when she released the single R2song, reaching 1 on the world’s largest dance music site JunoDowload, being successful in the United Kingdom, Europe, as well as Korea; becoming the first Asian artist to achieve it.

Overall, only twenty non-English songs have reached the top ten, with “Fake Love” being the first for a K-Pop group. The single also debuted at number seven on Billboard ‘s Streaming Songs chart with Snoop Dogg in In August , their song ” Dynamite ” topped the Billboard Hot in its opening week, becoming the group’s first number-one single in the US and their fourth top entry.

BTS became the first K-pop act in Hot history to debut at number one. By convention in modern K-pop, trainees go through a rigorous training system for an undetermined amount of time before debut. This method was popularized by Lee Soo-man , founder of S. Entertainment, [] as part of a concept labelled ” cultural technology.

Because of the training period, which can last for many years, and the significant amount of investment agencies put towards their trainees, the industry is very serious about launching new artists.

Trainees may enter an agency through auditions or be scouted, and once recruited are given accommodation and classes commonly singing, dancing, rapping, and foreign languages such as Mandarin, English and Japanese while they prepare for debut. Young trainees sometimes attend school at the same time. There is no age limit to become a trainee and no limit to the duration one can spend as a trainee. The Korean music industry has spawned numerous related reality TV shows, including talent shows such as Superstar K and K-pop Star , specialist rap competition Show Me the Money and its female counterpart Unpretty Rapstar , and many ‘survival’ shows, which commonly pit trainees against each other in order to form a new idol group.

The rise in these shows, which often involves larger agencies contracting smaller agencies’ trainees into project groups and taking a larger portion of the revenues, has led to criticisms over the former monopolizing the industry.

In , Time magazine reported that Korean television producers such as Hwang Yong-woo and Kim Jong-jin had been arrested for “accepting under-the-table payments guaranteeing TV appearances to aspiring singers and musicians” in a bid to tackle “systemic corruption in South Korea’s music business.

K-pop management companies have also been criticized for exploitation of idols through overwork and restrictive contracts, described as ” slave contracts ” in a BBC report. In-demand K-pop stars — many of whom are teenage ‘idols’ — have been known to rehearse and perform without sleep. In July , S. Entertainment was taken to court by TVXQ and a Super Junior member, who alleged that their working conditions had led to adverse health effects.

Entertainment void , and resultantly the Fair Trade Commission released contract templates to regulate industry conditions. In , South Korea passed a law to regulate its music industry, protecting idols aged under 19 from unhealthy labor practices and overtly sexualized performances [] and guaranteeing them “the basic rights to learn, rest and sleep. Industry professionals such as SM Entertainment’s CEO Kim Young-min have defended the system, arguing that individuals trained within the system are “no different than typical middle or high school kids, who go to after-school programs to cram for college entrance exams.

Prior to these regulations, trainee idols at eight idol agencies were not permitted to seek contracts at any other agency while at training. Moreover, agencies were able to terminate a trainee contract at any time for any reason. The Fair Trade Commission states that they believe these changes will “result in a more just contract culture within the entertainment industry between trainee and agency. Some of the concerns raised by the idol agencies over these regulations include the risk of a trainee at one agency going undercover at another agency to receive training with the other agency.

This introduces the further risk that the idol agencies must take in training new idols. Trainees train for 3 years on average and the agencies support these trainees with various training programs during this duration, resulting in each trainee being a very large investment for the agency. The industry has been criticized for the sexualization of both male and female idols, with the sexualization of minors in particular being of concern. Some K-pop artists have suggested that the uncertainty and pressures of their jobs as entertainers may be detrimental to their mental health.

According to musician Park Kyung of Block B , “There are many people who debuted with no sense of self yet, and they come to realize later that every move and every word they say is being observed so they become cautious and lose their freedom.

K-pop artists are frequently referred to as idols or idol groups. Not all K-pop fans are young women; [] in Metro magazine interviewed male adult K-pop fans of different nationalities, who talked about how following male pop groups and being part of their fandoms had helped them understand themselves and the concept of masculinity better.

Many fans travel overseas to see their idols on tour, and tourists commonly visit Korea from Japan and China to see K-pop concerts.

An article by The Wall Street Journal indicated that K-pop’s future staying power will be shaped by fans, whose online activities have evolved into “micro-businesses.

Fan clubs sometimes participate in charity events to support their idols, purchasing bags of ‘ fan rice ‘ in order to show support. The rice bags are donated to those in need. There are businesses in Korea dedicated to shipping rice from farmers to the venues.

A unique feature of K-pop fandom is the “fan chant”. When an idol group releases a new song, chants, usually consisting of group members’ names, are performed by live concert audiences during non-singing parts of songs. Some idols and idol groups have faced problems from obsessive fans who indulge in stalking or invasive behavior. There have been accounts of extreme behaviors from fans trying to gain idols’ attention.

Social media sites such as YouTube , Twitter , and Facebook allow K-pop artists to reach a global audience and to communicate readily with their fans. The number of searches of “K-pop” on YouTube increased by a factor of 33 from to Through social media advertisement, Korean entertainment companies narrowed the cultural gap so K-pop could enter the global market and gain recognition among overseas consumers.

Before the digital era, people would purchase and consume music products on an individual basis. Consumers now actively participate in sharing music products and advertising their favorite artists, which is advantageous for K-pop. Capture, monitor, and output high-res media with powerful video interfaces that offer exceptional performance and versatility.

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Беккер зашагал по улице с четырехполосным движением и бульваром посередине. «Туда и обратно, – мысленно повторял.  – Туда и обратно». Он был настолько погружен в свои мысли, что не заметил человека в очках в тонкой металлической оправе, который следил за ним с другой стороны улицы.

Стрелка топливного индикатора указывала на ноль. И, как бы повинуясь неведомому сигналу, между стенами слева от него мелькнула тень. Нет сомнений, что человеческий мозг все же совершеннее самого быстродействующего компьютера в мире.

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